Capoeira Instruments - Agogo

The little agogo makes a big sound compared to other capoeira instruments, even in a capoeira roda. I learn this the hard way every time I mess up with it in the roda…

Everyone hears it!

Even with its simplicity, this Brazilian cowbell has a lot of variation from design to use.

Types of Bells

There’s a lot of variations on these simple bells. The first major difference is the material it’s made of. They can be made from wood, nuts or metal…

  • Wood – Bells made from wood have a sound that doesn’t ding like metal does. It’s more of an earthier, natural sound.
  • Nuts – At my mestre’s academy, he has agogo bells made with small coconuts secured to a stick. The nuts have a rough surface but make a clear, rich sound.
  • Metal – A lot of these hand bells are made of metal. They resonate a lot more than the wood and nut ones. With metal bells, an additional sound comes from using the handle to hit the bells together.

These capoeira instruments also differ in the number of bells they have. They range anywhere from one, to the four bells used in samba groups. In fact they’re used in a lot of ways…


Within capoeira, the agogos are used to compliment the rhythm of the roda. They usually follow a pattern similar to the pandeiro or atabaque. The difference is that they have a much higher tone and stand out a lot more in the music of capoeira. You can hear their clear ring above the other capoeira instruments in the roda.

In addition to capoeira, these hand bells are used a lot in Brazilian samba music. It’s believed that they may possibly be the oldest samba instrument as they derived from the similar African Yorba bells. The bells used in samba have up to 4 per instrument, compared to the 2 in capoeira.

Enough talking about where it’s used, now learn what it is!

Parts of Agogo

This is one of the simplest of the capoeira instruments having a few key parts.

Labeled parts of Brazilian agogo

  • Bell – This is the hollow metal, wood or nut chamber that produces the high pitch when struck. It reverberates the sound and is attached to a handle of some kind.
  • Stick – This is what is used to strike the bells with. The stick is key because without it you’d have sore fingers from trying to hit the bells with your hands… :)
  • Handle – This is where the bells attach to. In some agogos (metal) the handle can be squeezed to hit the two bells against each other to make another sound.

These simple parts come together to make a cool little instrument. The next step is figuring out where to start. Luckily it’s as easy as waving a wand…

How to Play

The basics of this instrument are really straight forward.

You just hit the bells with a stick!

However it’s the play of the different tones of the bell that create rhythms useful in capoeira.

Of the two bells, one will make a lower tone than the other. To explain some rhythms I’ll differentiate the tones by L for low and H for high. R will stand for rest.

Here are some basic rhythms used in the capoeira roda:

  • Rhythm 1 – L,H,L,R
  • Rhythm 2 – L,L,H,L,R

Where to Buy